It was in the 1870s when the history of the record player called gramophone or phonograph started. Thomas Edison was recorded to have invented the phonograph or gramophone in 1877. Although the origin of the research of the record player is traced back to the creation of a device, called phonautograph by Edouard Leon Scott de Martinville in 1857. After the phonautograph was invented, Alexander Graham Bell who was the inventor of the telephone, improved the invention and which later on, Emile Berliner created the first proper phonograph.
Thousands of improvements for the gramophone were done in the whole century from 1880s to 1980s. The music world has finally accepted and distributed the phonograph or gramophone in the late 19th century. With the invention of this record player, there was a change in the perception of the entire music and sound. Music was limited to live performances before this invention came to the music industry, and this was undeniably not universally accessible to those who love to listen to music. The record player has brought sound to anybody, listening to his or her favourite music, anytime, anywhere the person wishes to. This invention had amazingly brought a revolution in both the creation and appreciation of music.
Different names were given to a gramophone, such as decks, record players, turntables and record changers. It was written that the original word of phonograph came from the inventor F.B. Fenby in the year 1863.
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Thomas Edison was said to make the first phonograph with the use of a cylinder being wrapped around with a tinfoil sheet with the up-down movement of the stylus. But it was Emile Berliner’s gramophone that was created in 1889 that started the template of the now known as record player. This invention was able to record a sound with the use of a zinc disc that was coated with a compound of beeswax and benzene, and through the spiral movement of the stylus.
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The first gauge of the popularity of the record player was at the end of the 19th century when practically all major cities in the US had so-called phonograph parlors. In a phonograph parlors, it was described as small shops and one can order a music or sound after making his or her selection, basically similar to the jukebox of today.
Today, after all the improvements of the record player, it has become one of the most valued entertainment devices in any home. It was recorded that the first model was designed with a hand-crank mechanism to draw power, which later on replaced by electricity. The recording material later on was made compact in the form of vinyl in 1940.